behaviour Activation

Behaviour Activation And Depression

Behavioural activation is a type of therapy that helps people overcome depression by encouraging them to engage in activities that they find enjoyable or rewarding. It’s based on the idea that depression can be made worse by patterns of inactivity, avoidance, and withdrawal from things that used to bring you pleasure.

By focusing on these behaviours and encouraging you to participate in activities that promote a sense of reward and mastery, behavioural activation can help to break this cycle and improve mood. It’s often used alongside other therapies, like cognitive-behavioural therapy, and has been shown to be an effective treatment for depression.

What Is Behaviour Activation?

Behavioral Activation (BA) is a therapeutic technique that can help you to increase engagement in activities that bring a sense of pleasure, satisfaction, and accomplishment. The goal of BA is to help you break the cycle of depression or low mood by increasing positive behaviours and decreasing negative behaviours.

The basic principle behind BA is that behaviour and mood are closely linked. When we engage in activities that we enjoy and find meaningful, we experience positive emotions, which can help to improve our mood and increase motivation. On the other hand, when we engage in negative behaviours or avoid activities that we find pleasurable, we may experience negative emotions, which can reinforce depression and low mood.

In therapy, a trained mental health professional will work with you to identify specific activities that you would like to engage in more frequently. These activities should be achievable, realistic, and tailored to the individual’s interests and preferences. The therapist will then help the individual develop a plan to increase engagement in these activities, either by scheduling them into their day, breaking them down into smaller steps, or gradually increasing the time spent engaging in the activities.

Through regular practice of BA, individuals can learn to recognise the connection between their behaviours and their mood, and can develop strategies to increase positive behaviours and decrease negative ones. By focusing on concrete, achievable goals, you can also increase your sense of accomplishment and self-efficacy, which can help to improve your overall well-being.

While BA can be an effective treatment for depression and other mood disorders, it is often used in conjunction with other therapeutic techniques, such as mindfulness, cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT), and medication. A trained mental health professional can help develop a personalised treatment plan that takes into account their specific needs and concerns.

Behaviour Types

There are many different types of behaviours that can be introduced to support better mental health. Here are a few examples:

Exercise: Regular exercise has been shown to have numerous benefits for mental health, including reducing symptoms of depression and anxiety, improving mood, and reducing stress. Activities like jogging, swimming, yoga, or dancing can be great ways to incorporate physical activity into your routine.

Mindfulness: Mindfulness involves paying attention to the present moment without judgement. It has been shown to reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression, improve emotional regulation, and enhance overall well-being. There are many ways to practise mindfulness, including meditation, deep breathing, and mindful movement.

Social support: Maintaining social connections is an important aspect of mental health. Spending time with friends and loved ones, joining a support group, or participating in group activities can all help to improve social support and reduce feelings of loneliness or isolation.

Sleep hygiene: Getting enough sleep is crucial for mental health. Establishing a consistent sleep schedule, avoiding screens before bedtime, and creating a comfortable sleep environment can all support better sleep hygiene.

Hobbies: Engaging in activities that bring us pleasure and a sense of accomplishment can be an important aspect of mental health. Hobbies like painting, playing music, gardening, or cooking can be great ways to incorporate enjoyable activities into our routines.

Behavioural Activation Self Help Tips

While working with a mental health professional is always recommended, there are some things you can do on your own to practise behavioural activation techniques. Here are a few tips:

Identify the activities that you used to enjoy: Think about the activities that you used to find pleasurable or rewarding. Make a list of these activities, even if you don’t feel like doing them right now.

Start small: Break down these activities into smaller, more manageable steps. For example, if you used to enjoy reading but haven’t picked up a book in a while, start by reading for just 10 minutes a day.

Set realistic goals: Set goals that are achievable and realistic. Don’t try to take on too much at once. Instead, focus on small, attainable goals that will give you a sense of accomplishment.

Track your progress: Keep track of the activities you engage in and the progress you make. This can help you stay motivated and see the positive changes that you are making.

Practice self-compassion: Be kind to yourself as you work on incorporating new behaviours into your routine. It’s okay if you slip up or have setbacks. Remember that change takes time and effort.


Overall, behavioural activation is a valuable tool for treating depression and can help people regain a sense of pleasure and accomplishment in their lives. By focusing on specific activities and behaviours, rather than negative thoughts or emotions, behavioural activation can be a more accessible and effective form of therapy for some people.


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